Intersubunit communication in the dihydroorotase-aspartate transcarbamoylase complex of Aquifex aeolicus

Hedeel Guy Evans, Roshini Fernando, Asmita Vaishnav, Mahalakshmi Kotichukkala, Deborah Heyl, Fatme Hachem, Joseph S. Brunzelle, Brian F.P. Edwards, David R. Evans*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Aspartate transcarbamoylase and dihydroorotase, enzymes that catalyze the second and third step in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, are associated in dodecameric complexes in Aquifex aeolicus and many other organisms. The architecture of the dodecamer is ideally suited to channel the intermediate, carbamoyl aspartate from its site of synthesis on the ATC subunit to the active site of DHO, which catalyzes the next step in the pathway, because both reactions occur within a large, internal solvent-filled cavity. Channeling usually requires that the reactions of the enzymes are coordinated so that the rate of synthesis of the intermediate matches its rate of utilization. The linkage between the ATC and DHO subunits was demonstrated by showing that the binding of the bisubstrate analog, N-phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate to the ATC subunit inhibits the activity of the distal DHO subunit. Structural studies identified a DHO loop, loop A, interdigitating between the ATC domains that would be expected to interfere with domain closure essential for ATC catalysis. Mutation of the DHO residues in loop A that penetrate deeply between the two ATC domains inhibits the ATC activity by interfering with the normal reciprocal linkage between the two enzymes. Moreover, a synthetic peptide that mimics that part of the DHO loop that binds between the two ATC domains was found to be an allosteric or noncompletive ATC inhibitor (Ki = 22 μM). A model is proposed suggesting that loop A is an important component of the functional linkage between the enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-109
Number of pages10
JournalProtein Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Allosteric regulation
  • Aspartate transcarbamoylase
  • CAD
  • Dihydroorotase
  • Intersubunit communication
  • Linkage
  • Metabolic channeling
  • N-phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate
  • Pyrimidine biosynthesis
  • Thermophile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry


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