Interventions to mitigate COVID-19 misinformation: protocol for a scoping review

Navin Kumar*, Nathan Walter, Kate Nyhan, Kaveh Khoshnood, Joseph D. Tucker, Chris T. Bauch, Qinglan Ding, S. Mo Jones-Jang, Munmun De Choudhury, Jason L. Schwartz, Orestis Papakyriakopoulos, Laura Forastiere

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: The duration and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic depends in a large part on individual and societal actions which is influenced by the quality and salience of the information to which they are exposed. Unfortunately, COVID-19 misinformation has proliferated. To date, no systematic efforts have been made to evaluate interventions that mitigate COVID-19-related misinformation. We plan to conduct a scoping review that seeks to fill several of the gaps in the current knowledge of interventions that mitigate COVID-19-related misinformation. Methods: A scoping review focusing on interventions that mitigate COVID-19 misinformation will be conducted. We will search (from January 2020 onwards) MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science Core Collection, Africa-Wide Information, Global Health, WHO Global Literature on Coronavirus Disease Database, WHO Global Index Medicus, and Sociological Abstracts. Gray literature will be identified using Disaster Lit, Google Scholar, Open Science Framework, governmental websites, and preprint servers (e.g., EuropePMC, PsyArXiv, MedRxiv, JMIR Preprints). Study selection will conform to Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers’ Manual 2020 Methodology for JBI Scoping Reviews. Only English language, original studies will be considered for inclusion. Two reviewers will independently screen all citations, full-text articles, and abstract data. A narrative summary of findings will be conducted. Data analysis will involve quantitative (e.g., frequencies) and qualitative (e.g., content and thematic analysis) methods. Discussion: Original research is urgently needed to design interventions to mitigate COVID-19 misinformation. The planned scoping review will help to address this gap. Systematic review registrations: Systematic Review Registration: Open Science Framework (osf/io/etw9d).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107
JournalSystematic Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Health
  • Misinformation
  • Mitigate
  • Online

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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