Intracardiac flow visualization: Current status and future directions

Daniel Rodriguez Muñoz*, Michael Markl, José Luis Moya Mur, Alex Barker, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Patrizio Lancellotti, José Luis Zamorano Gómez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


Non-invasive cardiovascular imaging initially focused on heart structures, allowing the visualization of their motion and inferring its functional status from it. Colour-Doppler and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) have allowed a visual approach to intracardiac flow behaviour, as well as measuring its velocity at single selected spots. Recently, the application of new technologies to medical use and, particularly, to cardiology has allowed, through different algorithms in CMR and applications of ultrasound-related techniques, the description and analysis of flow behaviour in all points and directions of the selected region, creating the opportunity to incorporate new data reflecting cardiac performance to cardiovascular imaging. The following review provides an overview of the currently available imaging techniques that enable flow visualization, as well as its present and future applications based on the available literature and on-going works.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1038
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Flow mapping
  • Intracardiac flow
  • Multimodality imaging
  • Vortex flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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