Intracellular trafficking of CLN3, the protein underlying the childhood neurodegenerative disease, Batten disease

Qinwen Mao, Haibin Xia, Beverly L. Davidson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (Batten disease) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder resulting from mutations in the CLN3 gene, which encodes a hydrophobic 438 amino acid protein of unknown function. Prior studies have shown that CLN3 is expressed in multiple tissues, with highest levels in brain and testis. Experiments using cells overexpressing CLN3 indicate that CLN3 is a lysosomal resident protein. However, studies to date have not addressed trafficking of endogenous CLN3. As such, the purpose of the present study was two-fold. First, to develop a culture model to allow evaluation of native CLN3 transport. Second, to utilize available epitope-specific antibodies to determine if CLN3 reaches the plasma membrane en route to the lysosome. Our data using a NCCIT (embryonic testicular carcinoma) cell model coupled with surface biotinylation and antibody trapping demonstrated that at least a proportion of CLN3 trafficks to the lysosome via the cell membrane. Moreover, inhibition of the μ3A subunit of the AP-3 adapter protein complex increased levels of CLN3 at the cell surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-357
Number of pages7
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume555
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2003

Keywords

  • Batten disease
  • CLN3
  • Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinose
  • Protein trafficking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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