Intracerebral hemorrhage and delirium symptoms length of stay, function, and quality of life in a 114-patient cohort

Andrew M. Naidech*, Jennifer L. Beaumont, Neil F. Rosenberg, Matthew B. Maas, Adam R. Kosteva, Michael L. Ault, David Cella, E. Wesley Ely

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: The prognostic significance of delirium symptoms in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with focal neurologic injury is unclear. Objectives: To determine the relationship between delirium symptoms and subsequent functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) after intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 114 patients. Delirium symptoms were routinely assessed twice daily using the Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU by trained nurses. Functional outcomes were recorded with modified Rankin Scale (scored from 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [dead]), and QOL outcomes with Neuro-QOL at 28 days, 3 months, and 12 months. Measurements and Main Results: Thirty-one (27%) patients had delirium symptoms ("ever delirious"), 67 (59%) were never delirious, and the remainder (14%) had persistent coma. Delirium symptoms were nearly always hypoactive, were detected mean 6 days after intracerebral hemorrhage presentation, and were associated with longer ICU length of stay (mean 3.5 d longer in ever vs. never delirious patients; 95% confidence interval, 1.5-8.3; P = 0.004) after correction for age, admit National Institutes of Health (NIH) Stroke Scale, and any benzodiazepine exposure. Delirium symptoms were associated with increased odds of poor outcome at 28 days (odds ratio, 8.7; 95%confidence interval, 1.4-52.5; P =0.018) after correction for admission NIH Stroke Scale and age, and with worse QOL in the domains of applied cognition-executive function and fatigue after correcting for the NIH Stroke Scale, age, benzodiazepine exposure, and time of follow-up. Conclusions: After focal neurologic injury, delirium symptoms were commondespitelowrates of infectionandsedationexposure,andwere predictive of subsequent worse functional outcomes and lower QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1337
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume188
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • Delirium
  • Outcomes
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intracerebral hemorrhage and delirium symptoms length of stay, function, and quality of life in a 114-patient cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this