Intrathecal idursulfase-IT in patients with neuronopathic mucopolysaccharidosis II: Results from a phase 2/3 randomized study

on behalf of the HGT-HIT-094 Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Two-thirds of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) have cognitive impairment. This phase 2/3, randomized, controlled, open-label, multicenter study (NCT02055118) investigated the effects of intrathecally administered idursulfase-IT on cognitive function in patients with MPS II. Children older than 3 years with MPS II and mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment (assessed by Differential Ability Scales-II [DAS-II], General Conceptual Ability [GCA] score) who had tolerated intravenous idursulfase for at least 4 months were randomly assigned (2:1) to monthly idursulfase-IT 10 mg (n = 34) via an intrathecal drug delivery device (IDDD; or by lumbar puncture) or no idursulfase-IT treatment (n = 15) for 52 weeks. All patients continued to receive weekly intravenous idursulfase 0.5 mg/kg as standard of care. Of 49 randomized patients, 47 completed the study (two patients receiving idursulfase-IT discontinued). The primary endpoint (change from baseline in DAS-II GCA score at week 52 in a linear mixed-effects model for repeated measures analysis) was not met: although there was a smaller decrease in DAS-II GCA scores with idursulfase-IT than with no idursulfase-IT at week 52, this was not significant (least-squares mean treatment difference [95% confidence interval], 3.0 [−7.3, 13.3]; p = 0.5669). Changes from baseline in Vineland Adaptive Behavioral Scales-II Adaptive Behavior Composite scores at week 52 (key secondary endpoint) were similar in the idursulfase-IT (n = 31) and no idursulfase-IT (n = 14) groups. There were trends towards a potential positive effect of idursulfase-IT across DAS-II composite, cluster, and subtest scores, notably in patients younger than 6 years at baseline. In a post hoc analysis, there was a significant (p = 0.0174), clinically meaningful difference in change from baseline in DAS-II GCA scores at week 52 with idursulfase-IT (n = 13) versus no idursulfase-IT (n = 6) among those younger than 6 years with missense iduronate-2-sulfatase gene variants. Overall, idursulfase-IT reduced cerebrospinal glycosaminoglycan levels from baseline by 72.0% at week 52. Idursulfase-IT was generally well tolerated. These data suggest potential benefits of idursulfase-IT in the treatment of cognitive impairment in some patients with neuronopathic MPS II. After many years of extensive review and regulatory discussions, the data were found to be insufficient to meet the evidentiary standard to support regulatory filings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022


  • Cognitive impairment
  • Idursulfase
  • Intrathecal
  • MPS II
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Intrathecal idursulfase-IT in patients with neuronopathic mucopolysaccharidosis II: Results from a phase 2/3 randomized study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this