Intravenous injection of oncolytic picornavirus SVV-001 prolongs animal survival in a panel of primary tumor-based orthotopic xenograft mouse models of pediatric glioma

Zhigang Liu, Xiumei Zhao, Hua Mao, Patricia A. Baxter, Yulun Huang, Litian Yu, Lalita Wadhwa, Jack M. Su, Adekunle Adesina, Lazlo Perlaky, Mary Hurwitz, Neeraja Idamakanti, Seshidhar Reddy Police, Paul L. Hallenbeck, Richard L. Hurwitz, Ching C. Lau, Murali Chintagumpala, Susan M. Blaney, Xiao Nan Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

BackgroundSeneca Valley virus (SVV-001) is a nonpathogenic oncolytic virus that can be systemically administered and can pass through the blood-brain barrier. We examined its therapeutic efficacy and the mechanism of tumor cell infection in pediatric malignant gliomas.MethodsIn vitro antitumor activities were examined in primary cultures, preformed neurospheres, and self-renewing glioma cells derived from 6 patient tumor orthotopic xenograft mouse models (1 anaplastic astrocytoma and 5 GBM). In vivo therapeutic efficacy was examined by systemic treatment of preformed xenografts in 3 permissive and 2 resistant models. The functional role of sialic acid in mediating SVV-001 infection was investigated using neuraminidase and lectins that cleave or competitively bind to linkage-specific sialic acids.ResultsSVV-001 at a multiplicity of infection of 0.5 to 25 replicated in and effectively killed primary cultures, preformed neurospheres, and self-renewing stemlike single glioma cells derived from 4 of the 6 glioma models in vitro. A single i.v. injection of SVV-001 (5 × 1012 viral particles/kg) led to the infection of orthotopic xenografts without harming normal mouse brain cells, resulting in significantly prolonged survival in all 3 permissive and 1 resistant mouse models (P <. 05). Treatment with neuraminidase and competitive binding using lectins specific for α2,3-linked and/or α2,6-linked sialic acid significantly suppressed SVV-001 infectivity (P <. 01).ConclusionSVV-001 possesses strong antitumor activity against pediatric malignant gliomas and utilizes α2,3-linked and α2,6-linked sialic acids as mediators of tumor cell infection. Our findings support the consideration of SVV-001 for clinical trials in children with malignant glioma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1185
Number of pages13
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • SVV-001
  • malignant glioma
  • oncolytic virus
  • orthotopic xenograft
  • sialic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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