Introducing the constitutive behavior of shape memory alloys into adaptive engineering structures

W. Brand*, C. Boller, M. S. Huang, L. Catherine Brinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The variety of special mechanical properties of shape memory alloys (SMAs), including large recoverable strains and pseudoelasticity has made design engineers highly curious on how to apply these materials beneficially in their engineering structures. Tools required to partially satisfy this curiosity are certainly analytical approaches and mechanical models, which allow one to obtain a more realistic feeling of possible rewards to be expected when using SMAs. One of the major inputs required for studying the mechanical behaviour of structures is the constitutive material behaviour generally expressed in terms of stresses and strains. This paper starts from an analytical description of the constitutive behaviour of the SMAs, which will then be applied to a cantilever beam being activated by a SMA actuator. Taking full advantage of the SMA's actuation potential in terms of its maximum recoverable strain often leads to a situation where the assumption of linearized deformation is not valid anymore. Large deformations (nonlinear theory) will therefore be considered. Based on this model a variety of effects are studied such as active deformation, stress relaxation and stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-193
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994
EventProceedings of the 1994 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: Nov 6 1994Nov 11 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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