Inverse-designed stretchable metalens with tunable focal distance

Francois Callewaert, Vesselin Velev, Shizhou Jiang, Alan Varteres Sahakian, Prem Kumar, Koray Aydin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present an inverse-designed 3D-printed all-dielectric stretchable millimeter wave metalens with a tunable focal distance. A computational inverse-design method is used to design a flat metalens made of disconnected polymer building blocks with complex shapes, as opposed to conventional monolithic lenses. The proposed metalens provides better performance than a conventional Fresnel lens, using lesser amount of material and enabling larger focal distance tunability. The metalens is fabricated using a commercial 3D-printer and attached to a stretchable platform. Measurements and simulations show that the focal distance can be tuned by a factor of 4 with a stretching factor of only 75%, a nearly diffraction-limited focal spot, and with a 70% relative focusing efficiency, defined as the ratio between power focused in the focal spot and power going through the focal plane. The proposed platform can be extended for design and fabrication of multiple electromagnetic devices working from visible to microwave radiation depending on scaling of the devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091102
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Feb 26 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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