The surface potential of ferroelectric copolymer films of vinylidene fluoride and trifluoroethylene was investigated by scanning probe microscopy. The results reveal that the as-deposited copolymer films on a graphite substrate show a negative surface potential. The surface potential is ascribed to the substrate-induced effect, which causes frozen dipoles in the copolymer films. We made locally poled areas in the films using a conductive cantilever tip and measured the piezoelectric response of the films with a modified scanning force microscope. The observed asymmetric behavior of the piezoelectric response of the thin films can be consistently explained by the frozen ferroelectric layer in the films. Both surface potential and piezoresponse images of locally polarized areas were also obtained. The results indicate that the charge transferred from the tip overcompensated for the oriented dipoles and that the surface potential of the poled regions was attributed to the excess charge.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers|
|Issue number||6 B|
|State||Published - Jun 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)