Investigation on physicochemical and piezoresistive properties of smart MWCNT/cementitious composite exposed to elevated temperatures

Wenkui Dong, Wengui Li*, Kejin Wang, Baoguo Han, Daichao Sheng, Surendra P. Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Piezoresistivity of smart carbon nanotube/cementitious composite has been experimentally investigated, but the piezoresistive performance had been rarely studied when exposed to elevated temperatures. In this study, the physicochemical and mechanical properties, and piezoresistive behaviours of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced smart cementitious composite were investigated under heat treatments of elevated temperatures of 300 °C and 600 °C. The microstructures, crystal deterioration and thermal gravity relationships were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermos-gravimetric (TG) analysis. The results show that the compressive strength and elastic modulus of MWCNT/cementitious composite after heat treatments gradually decreased, especially under the high temperature of 600 °C. There was a sudden growth of fractional changes of resistivity (FCR) after heat treatment. The higher temperature treatments led to more extensive sudden increase in the piezoresistivity. In the linear part of the relationship curves of FCR to the strain, the gauge factor even increased at the temperature of 300 °C. Moreover, the mechanism for the altered piezoresistivity was fundamentally explained and discussed by the MWCNT purification and destructions of MWCNT, cement matrix and agglomerations after heat treatments. Therefore, the related outcomes will promote the understanding and application of smart MWCNT/cementitious composite for structural health monitoring (SHM) under extreme environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103675
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrical conductivity
  • Elevated temperature
  • Microstructure
  • Physicochemical properties
  • Piezoresistivity
  • Smart MWCNT/cementitious composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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