Investigations of Mechanisms of Drug-induced Changes in Gene Expression: N-Methylformamide-induced Changes in Synthesis of the Mr 72,000 Constitutive Heat Shock Protein during Commitment of HL-60 Cells to Granulocyte Differentiation

Helen M. Beere, Richard I. Morimoto, John A. Hickman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

HL-60 cells were treated with the differentiating agent N-methylformamide and early changes in gene expression and protein content were investigated. Analysis of protein synthesis had previously shown an early (<12 h) fall in the synthesis of Mr 70,000 heat shock proteins (F. M. Richards, A., Watson, and J. A. Hickman. Cancer Res., 48: 6715-6720, 1988). The changes have now been characterized in detail and their kinetics compared to those of the expression of the c-myc protein. Immunoanalysis, using antibodies to either the stress-inducible heat shock protein hsp70 (4G4) or a pan-Mr 70,000 heat shock protein antibody (3A3), showed that there was a striking reduction in the levels of the constitutive heat shock protein hsc70 when cells were incubated continuously with 170 dim N-methylformamide. A reduction in the level of hsc70 RNA was observed within 3 h and continued thereafter. In contrast, transcription of the hsc70 gene was induced within 1-2 h, after which the rate returned to basal level. There were no significant changes in the rate of transcription of the stress-inducible heat shock proteins hsp70 or hsp90. When N-methylformamide was removed from the cells, prior to commitment to differentiation, the levels of hsc70 were reestablished, whereas after 36 h of treatment there was no recovery. Western blotting with an antibody to the c-myc protein showed this to fall to virtually undetectable levels by 3 h under the same conditions. The results suggest that the loss of hsc70, which may perform a protein chaperoning role, was mediated at both transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels of regulation and was an early event closely associated with the commitment of HL-60 cells to differentiation. The fall in hsc70 was not associated with alterations in the cell cycle, nor were the kinetics of the change suggestive of a relationship with the decrease in content of c-myc protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3034-3039
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume53
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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