Investment in EV Charging Spots for Parking

Brendan Badia*, Randall A. Berry, Ermin Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


As demand for electric vehicles (EVs) is expanding, meeting the need for charging infrastructure, especially in urban areas, has become a critical issue. One method of adding charging stations is to install them at parking spots. This increases the value of these spots to EV drivers needing to charge their vehicles. However, there is a cost to constructing these spots and such spots may preclude drivers not needing to charge from using them, reducing the parking options for such drivers. We look at two models for how decisions surrounding investment in charging stations on existing parking spots may be undertaken. First, we analyze two firms who compete overinstalling stations under government set mandates or subsidies. Given the cost of constructing spots and the competitiveness of the markets, we find it is ambiguous whether setting higher mandates or higher subsidies for spot construction leads to better aggregate outcomes. Second, we look at a system operator who faces uncertainty on the size of the EV market. If they are risk neutral, we find a relatively small change in the uncertainty of the EV market can lead to large changes in the optimal charging capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8736858
Pages (from-to)650-661
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • Parking
  • congestion
  • electric vehicles
  • game theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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