Measurements of the velocity of charge carriers in several dilute solutions of He3 in He4 in the temperature range 0.017-1.0 K are reported. The low-field negative-ion mobility shows a T-12 dependence below 0.08 K characteristic of hard-sphere scattering. A maximum is observed in the mobility in the vicinity of 0.4 K. This can be interpreted in terms of a He3 condensation on the bubble surface. The positive-ion mobility is nearly temperature independent below 0.7 K. This has recently been interpreted in terms of a momentum-dependent polarization scattering. The field dependence of the positive-carrier velocity shows a discontinuity in the vortex-ring regime. The discontinuity can be shown to result from a size-dependent drag coefficient and a maximum is observed for very small rings (∼16).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics