Ionic Conductivity in Branched Polyethylenimine-Sodium Trifluoromethanesulfonate Complexes. Comparisons to Analogous Complexes Made with Linear Polyethylenimine

Caroline S. Harris, Mark A. Ratner, Duward F. Shriver*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

: Complexes between branched polyethylenimine and NaSO3CF3were formed with a polymer repeat unit to salt ratio of 6:1, 12:1, and 20:1. All three complexes are amorphous in contrast to linear polyethylenimine which forms partially crystalline complexes at ratios above 6:1 (lower salt concentrations). The 6:1 complex of branched polyethylenimine has a higher Tg(12 °C) and a lower conductivity (10-8S/cm at 40 °C) than the corresponding complex of linear polyethylenimine (-5 °C and 10-7S/cm). The glass transition temperature of the polymer-salt complex decreases by 43 deg upon decreasing the salt concentration from that of the 6:1 complex to that of the 20:1 complex. Correspondingly, the conductivity of the 20:1 complex at 40 °C is 2 orders of magnitude higher than that of the 6:1 complex. N-H stretching frequencies of linear and branched polyethylenimines and their polymer-salt complexes were studied by infrared spectroscopy. An increase in frequency of the N-H stretching mode of both polymers is seen upon complex formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1778-1781
Number of pages4
JournalMacromolecules
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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