Irreversible optic neuropathy in Wernicke encephalopathy and leber hereditary optic neuropathy

John Michael Li, Janet C. Rucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 52-year-old woman with alcohol abuse presented with recent worsening of vision, imbalance, and confusion. Examination revealed counting fingers acuity in both eyes with central scotomas, color vision loss, horizontal nystagmus, and gait ataxia. Thiamine was initiated as treatment for a presumptive diagnosis of Wernicke encephalopathy (WE). Brain MRI revealed high T2 signal in the dorsal midbrain and thalami characteristic of WE. The lack of optic disc edema, usually present in patients with WE who have severe optic neuropathy, and lack of visual loss reversibility with thiamine treatment, led to a the suspicion of coexisting Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), which was later confirmed when testing revealed the 14484 mitochondrial DNA mutation. Over the ensuing months, vision did not recover despite improvement of other neurologic findings. Irreversible optic neuropathy in WE should prompt consideration of a coexisting mitochondrial disorder such as LHON.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-53
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Clinical Neurology

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