Is There a Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Fluoroscopy Time During Cervical Interlaminar Epidural Steroid Injections?

Zachary L. McCormick, Ryan Mattie, Ali Ebrahimi, David T. Lee, Austin Marcolina, Joel Press, D. J. Kennedy, Matthew Smuck, David R. Walega, Daniel Cushman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The challenge of obtaining medical imaging in individuals with higher body mass index (BMI) is described, but there is minimal data regarding the relationship between BMI and fluoroscopy time during cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection (CIESI).

Objective: To determine the relationship between BMI and fluoroscopy time during CIESI.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent fluoroscopically guided CIESI between January 2014 and February 2015 at an academic pain medicine center. Fluoroscopy time data were collected. Comparisons based on analysis of variance were made between patients with normal (<25.0 kg/m 2 ), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m 2 ), and obese (≥30.0 kg/m 2 ) BMI.

Results: Of 399 procedure encounters, 366 had documented BMI and fluoroscopy time data and were included for analysis. Mean age (± SD) in this cohort was 53 ± 13 years, including 189 females (52%) and 205 first-time injections. Mean fluoroscopy time for all injections was 18 ± 10 seconds. Separated by categorical BMI class, the mean fluoroscopy time was 18 ± 9 seconds for normal weight patients, 17 ± 10 seconds for overweight patients, and 20 ± 11 seconds for obese patients, respectively. Post hoc analysis showed that fluoroscopy time was significantly longer only in obese compared with overweight patients ( P  = 0.02). Trainee involvement and first-time vs repeat injection did not significantly alter fluoroscopy time ( P  = 0.17 and P  = 0.12, respectively).

Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that BMI does not appear to have a clinically significant impact on fluoroscopy time during cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection procedures. Future study is needed to directly quantify radiation exposure in patients and practitioners, as well as the associated health risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1326-1333
Number of pages8
JournalPain medicine (Malden, Mass.)
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body Mass Index
  • Cervical Epidural Steroid
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Injections
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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