Is there a relationship between personality traits and fruit and vegetable intake among pregnant women?

Magdalena Leszko*, Lauren Slubowski Keenan-Devlin, William A. Grobman, Britney Smart, Ann Borders, Daniel K Mroczek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that certain personality traits such as neuroticism and conscientiousness influence dietary choices. Pregnancy is a unique period in a woman’s life during which most women are highly intrinsically and extrinsically motivated to start a diet rich in fruit and vegetables. Yet, an adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables remains a challenge for many women. The present study investigates the relationships between personality traits and fish, dairy, fruit, and vegetable intake. Data was collected from 602 pregnant women and analyzed using descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analyses in order to examine predictive relationships between the variables of interest. The results demonstrated that high scores in openness to experience, older maternal age, higher income, and educational attainment were positively associated with increased fish, vegetable, and fruit intake. These findings have important implications for interventions that seek to improve eating behaviors of pregnant women, thereby increasing the health of their pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHealth Psychology Open
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • diet
  • health behaviors
  • personality traits
  • pregnancy
  • women’s health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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