Ising universality in three dimensions: A Monte Carlo study

H. W J Blote, E. Luijten, J. R. Heringa

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283 Scopus citations


We investigate three Ising models on the simple cubic lattice by means of Monte Carlo methods and finite-size scaling. These models are the spin-1/2 Ising model with nearest-neighbour interactions, a spin-1/2 model with nearest-neighbour and third-neighbour interactions, and a spin-1 model with nearest-neighbour interactions. The results are in accurate agreement with the hypothesis of universality. Analysis of the finite-size scaling behaviour reveals corrections beyond those caused by the leading irrelevant scaling field. We find that the correction-to-scaling amplitudes are strongly dependent on the introduction of further-neighbour interactions or a third spin state. In a spin-1 Ising model, these corrections appear to be very small. This is very helpful for the determination of the universal constants of the Ising model. The renormalization exponents of the Ising model are determined as y t=1.587 (2), yh=2.4815 (15) and yi=-0.82 (6). The universal ratio Q=(m2)2/(m4) is equal to 0.6233 (4) for periodic systems with cubic symmetry. The critical point of the nearest-neighbour spin-1/2 model is Kc=0.2216546 (10).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number007
Pages (from-to)6289-6313
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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