An organic solvent soluble polypeptide has been isolated from photoreceptor complexes and chromatophores of Rhodospirillum rubrum. After extraction of the protein from lyophilized samples with 1:1 chloroform-methanol, it was purified by column chromatography. Its isoelectric point determined by isoelectric focusing was 7.10. When analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the purified polypeptide ran as a single band of an apparent molecular weight of 12 000. However, according tp ammo acid analysis, the minimal molecular weight based on one histidine residue per polypeptide is 19 000. The polypeptide contains no cysteine and no tyrosine. Amino acid analyses indicated that three methionines were present per histidine residue and cyanogen bromide cleavage gave four smaller peptides which were isolated by two-dimensional electrophoresis and chromatography. Spectroscopic analysis indicated the presence of three tryptophan residues per histidine and N-bromosuccinamide cleavage also gave four smaller peptides which could be isolated by two-dimensional electrophoresis and chromatography. The C-terminal amino acid was shown to be glycine by two methods, while the N-terminal amino acid appears to be blocked. The organic solvent soluble polypeptide accounts for approximately 50% of thp chromatophore protein and seems to bind the antenna bacteriochlorophyll and carotenoid molecules. Using this procedure, organic solvent soluble polypeptides were isolated from several photosynthetic bacteria and were found to have substantially different amino acid contents.
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