Iterated spectra of numbers - Elementary, dynamical, and algebraic approaches

Vitaly Bergelson*, Neil Hindman, Bryna Kra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


IP* sets and central sets are subsets of ℕ which arise out of applications of topological dynamics to number theory and are known to have rich combinatorial structure. Spectra of numbers are often studied sets of the form {[nα + γ] : n ∈ ℕ}. Iterated spectra are similarly defined with n coming from another spectrum. Using elementary, dynamical, and algebraic approaches we show that iterated spectra have significantly richer combinatorial structure than was previously known. For example we show that if α > 0 and 0 < γ γ 1, then {[nα + γ]: n ∈ ℕ} is an IP* set and consequently contains an infinite sequence together with all finite sums and products of terms from that sequence without repetition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-912
Number of pages20
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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