Purpose: The epothilones are a new class of tubulin-polymerizing agents with activity in taxane-sensitive and resistant tumor models. We evaluated ixabepilone (BMS-247550) in patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). Methods: Eligible patients had chemotherapy-naive metastatic HRPC, a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 2, and adequate organ function. All patients received BMS-247550 at 40 mg/m2 over 3 hours every 3 weeks. The primary end point was proportion of patients achieving a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response. Results: Forty-eight patients with metastatic HRPC were registered. Forty-two patients were eligible, with a median age of 73 years and a median PSA level of 111 ng/mL; 78% had bone-only or bone and soft tissue metastases, and 88% had objective radiologic disease progression at registration. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events (AEs) occurred in 16 and three patients, respectively. All grade 4 toxicities were neutropenia or leukopenia. The most frequent grade 3 AEs were neuropathy (eight patients), hematologic toxicity (seven patients), flu-like symptoms, and infection (five patients each). There were no grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia or grade 5 AEs. There were 14 confirmed PSA responses (33%; 95% CI, 20% to 50%); 72% of PSA responders had declines greater than 80%, and two patients achieved an undetectable PSA. The estimated median progression-free survival is 6 months (95% CI, 4 to 8 months), and the median survival is 18 months (95% CI, 13 to 24 months). Conclusion: Ixabepilone has demonstrated activity in patients with chemotherapy-naive metastatic HRPC. Major toxicities were neutropenia and neuropathy. Further testing to define its activity relative to standard therapy is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research