Shari Diamond*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This article describes the jury, including changes over time and variations in the use of lay juries in the United States and internationally. It considers the jury not only as a decision maker, but also as a political institution. The topics covered include: methodological issues in studying the jury, how jurors evaluate evidence, jury composition, jury size and decision rule, individual differences, effects of the media, jury competence, jury instructions, deliberations, a comparison of the jury with other potential triers of fact, and reactions to jury trial and the reform movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015


  • Expert testimony
  • Judges vs jurors
  • Jury competence
  • Jury decision making
  • Jury deliberations
  • Jury images
  • Jury instructions
  • Jury reform
  • Jury selection
  • Jury size
  • Media effects on the jury
  • Method for studying juries
  • Political role of the jury
  • Unanimity vs majority decision rules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Diamond, S. (2015). Juries. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 907-912). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.86042-0