Juvenile striatal white matter is resistant to ischemia-induced damage

Jared T. Ahrendsen, Himmat S. Grewal, Sean P. Hickey, Cecilia M. Culp, Elizabeth A. Gould, Takeru Shimizu, Frank A. Strnad, Richard J. Traystman, Paco S. Herson, Wendy B. Macklin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

White matter injury following ischemic stroke is a major cause of functional disability. Injury to both myelinated axons and oligodendrocytes, the myelin producing cells in the central nervous system, occurs in experimental models of ischemic stroke. Age-related changes in white matter vulnerability to ischemia have been extensively studied and suggest that both the perinatal and the aged periods are times of increased white matter vulnerability. However, sensitivity of white matter following stroke in the juvenile brain has not been evaluated. Interestingly, the late pediatric period is an important developmental stage, as it is the time of maximal myelination. The current study demonstrates that neurons in late pediatric/juvenile striatum are vulnerable to ischemic damage, with neuronal injury being comparable in juvenile and adult mice following ischemia. By contrast, actively myelinating striatal oligodendrocytes in the juvenile brain are resistant to ischemia, whereas adult oligodendrocytes are quite sensitive. As a result, myelin sheaths are remarkably intact and axons survive well in the injured striatum of juvenile mice. In addition to relative resistance of juvenile white matter, other glial responses were very different in juvenile and adult mice following cerebral ischemia, including differences in astrogliosis, fibrosis, NG2-cell reactivity, and vascular integrity. Together, these responses lead to long-term preservation of brain parenchyma in juvenile mice, compared to severe tissue loss and scarring in adult mice. Overall, the current study suggests that equivalent ischemic insults may result in less functional deficit in children compared to adults and an environment more conducive to long-term recovery. GLIA 2016;64:1972–1986.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1972-1986
Number of pages15
JournalGlia
Volume64
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • astrocyte
  • gliosis
  • myelin
  • oligodendrocyte
  • stroke
  • vasculature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Juvenile striatal white matter is resistant to ischemia-induced damage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this