Karyotype evolution in a simian virus 40-transformed tumorigenic human cell line

Charles L. Goolsby*, John E. Wiley, Marianne Steiner, Marty F. Bartholdi, L. Scott Cram, Paul M. Kraemer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Normal human foreskin fibroblasts (HSF4) were transfected using the pSV3-neo plasmid. A pool of 10 G418-resistant colonies. HSF4-T12. showed a progressive increase in the expression of a number of in vitro transformation markers with passage in culture and became immortalized. Although no tumors were formed when cells were injected subcutaneously into nude mice, this cell line produced progressive tumors when cells were injected into preimplanted Gelfoam sponges in the mice. When these tumors were cultured in vitro and subsequently injected subcutaneously, progressive tumors were produced with median latency periods as short as 4 weeks. Three phases of cytogenetic change could be distinguished. At early passages after transfection. HSF4-T12 exhibited many random chromosomal changes. At a time just after immortalization, both flow karyotype and G-banded analyses showed the appearance of balanced clonal rearrangements. These included t(2;4), t(2;14), t(3;?), 6p-, i(6p), 8p-, t(14;15), i(15), and t(18;?). These clonal rearrangements were stable with passage in culture, and less variability from cell to cell was noted. The only consistent chromosomal loss observed was Y. Analysis of three independent tumors showed characteristic loss of chromosomal material rather than balanced chromosomal rearrangements. Frequent loss of 6q and chromosomes #13, 15, 20, and Y was noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-248
Number of pages18
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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