KAT6A Acetylation of SMAD3 Regulates Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Recruitment, Metastasis, and Immunotherapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Bo Yu, Fei Luo, Bowen Sun, Wenxue Liu, Qiqi Shi, Shi Yuan Cheng, Ceshi Chen, Guoqiang Chen, Yanxin Li, Haizhong Feng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aberrant SMAD3 activation has been implicated as a driving event in cancer metastasis, yet the underlying mechanisms are still elusive. Here, SMAD3 is identified as a nonhistone substrate of lysine acetyltransferase 6A (KAT6A). The acetylation of SMAD3 at K20 and K117 by KAT6A promotes SMAD3 association with oncogenic chromatin modifier tripartite motif-containing 24 (TRIM24) and disrupts SMAD3 interaction with tumor suppressor TRIM33. This event in turn promotes KAT6A-acetylated H3K23-mediated recruitment of TRIM24–SMAD3 complex to chromatin and thereby increases SMAD3 activation and immune response-related cytokine expression, leading to enhanced breast cancer stem-like cell stemness, myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) recruitment, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) metastasis. Inhibiting KAT6A in combination with anti-PD-L1 therapy in treating TNBC xenograft-bearing animals markedly attenuates metastasis and provides a significant survival benefit. Thus, the work presents a KAT6A acetylation-dependent regulatory mechanism governing SMAD3 oncogenic function and provides insight into how targeting an epigenetic factor with immunotherapies enhances the antimetastasis efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2100014
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume8
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2021

Keywords

  • KAT6A
  • SMAD3
  • immunotherapy
  • metastasis
  • myeloid-derived suppressor cells
  • triple-negative breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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