Kinetic modeling as a prescription aid in peritoneal dialysis

Edward F. Vonesh*, Michael J. Lysaght, John Moron, Peter Farnell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Methods for calculating fluid and mass removal in peritoneal dialysis are presented in order to aid clinicians in their care and management of patients and to assist them in their understanding of the physiological mechanisms which govern peritoneal transport. These methods are based on the Pyle-Popovich peritoneal mass transport model which encompasses both diffuse and convective transport as well as lymphatic flow and residual renal function. Algebraic solutions to the mass balance equations governing solute transport are provided. Since these solutions are expressed explicitly as functions of time, they are easily programmed for use on a personal computer or calculator. This offers considerable advantage over the more computer-intensive numerical solutions which had been previously required since one can now calculate both mass removal and changes in blood concentration at the end of an exchange without requiring any intermediate calculations. This computational advantage and the ability to model changes in blood concentration are shown to be of particular importance when modeling more dynamic therapies such as CCPD or Tidal peritoneal dialysis. Finally, the model and solutions, when assessed clinically among 5 patients on two separate occasions, resulted in predicted fluid and mass removals which were in high concordance with measured fluid and mass removals (concordance correlation coefficients in excess of 0.97). Our findings suggest that kinetic modeling can provide the kind of analytical tools necessary to guide clinicians in their care and management of peritoneal dialysis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-270
Number of pages25
JournalBlood Purification
Volume9
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Analytical solutions
  • CAPD
  • Clearance
  • Lymphatic drainage
  • Mass transfer area coefficients
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Predicted water and solute mass removal
  • Ultrafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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