Kinetic Selection in the Template‐Directed Self‐Assembly of [2]Catenanes

David B. Amabilino, Peter R. Ashton, Lluïsa Pérez‐García, J. Fraser Stoddart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


A kinetic template effect directs selection in competitive self‐assembly of tetracationic cyclophanes (represented by a circle) containing meta‐ or para‐linked 4,4′‐bipyridinium and/or bis(4‐pyridinium)ethylene units in the presence of competing crown ether templates (represented by a square or a triangle). The cyclophane fragments first couple covalently to form an intermediate (represented by an arc), and then the molecular recognition event strings the crown ether before the rate‐determining second covalent bond formation closes the ring. (Figure Presented.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2378-2380
Number of pages3
JournalAngewandte Chemie International Edition in English
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 17 1995


  • Curtin‐Hammett principle
  • catenanes
  • molecular recognition
  • self‐assembly
  • template effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Kinetic Selection in the Template‐Directed Self‐Assembly of [2]Catenanes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this