Kinetics of paraprotein clearance after autografting for multiple myeloma

S. Singhal*, R. Powles, S. Milan, N. Raje, C. Viner, J. Treleaven, J. Raymond, D. Cunningham, J. Mehta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The kinetics of paraprotein clearance after autografting for multiple myeloma have not been described. We studied 33 myeloma patients in plateau phase with detectable paraprotein (3-34 g/l, median 10 g/l) at the time of ABMT who received melphalan (200mg/m2) and methylprednisolone (1.5 g x 5) for conditioning. Fifteen patients received interferon-a post-transplant as part of a randomized study. Twenty-four of 33 (72.7%) patients eventually cleared the paraprotein at a median of 47 days (range 5-783) post-transplant. The probability of clearance was lower (46.7 vs 94.4%, P = 0.004) and the time taken to clear paraprotein longer (142 vs 29 days, P = 0.003) in patients with a higher level (>10 g/l) at the time of the transplant. However, clearance occurred within 6 months in 23 of 24 (95.8%) patients who ultimately cleared the paraprotein. Interferon-α did not influence the clearance of paraprotein. We conclude that after autografting for myeloma, the time taken to clear paraprotein is longer and the probability of clearance lower with higher levels at the time of ABMT, and most patients who eventually clear the paraprotein do so within 6 months. Because the probability of clearing paraprotein (and thus attaining remission) in patients with detectable paraprotein 6 months post-transplant is low, a decision about further treatment may be made at this point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-540
Number of pages4
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 15 1995

Keywords

  • Autologous bone marrow transplantation
  • Immunoglobulin
  • Interferon-α
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Paraprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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