Knowledge of energy balance guidelines and associated clinical care practices: The U.S. National Survey of Energy Balance Related Care among Primary Care Physicians

Nicolaas P. Pronk*, Susan M. Krebs-Smith, Deborah A. Galuska, Benmei Liu, Robert F. Kushner, Richard P. Troiano, Steven B. Clauser, Rachel Ballard-Barbash, Ashley Wilder Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess primary care physicians' (PCPs) knowledge of energy balance related guidelines and the association with sociodemographic characteristics and clinical care practices. Method: As part of the 2008 U.S. nationally representative National Survey of Energy Balance Related Care among Primary Care Physicians (EB-PCP), 1776 PCPs from four specialties who treated adults (n= 1060) or children and adolescents (n= 716) completed surveys on sociodemographic information, knowledge of energy balance guidelines, and clinical care practices. Results: EB-PCP response rate was 64.5%. For PCPs treating children, knowledge of guidelines for healthy BMI percentile, physical activity, and fruit and vegetables intake was 36.5%, 27.0%, and 62.9%, respectively. For PCPs treating adults, knowledge of guidelines for overweight, obesity, physical activity, and fruit and vegetables intake was 81.4%, 81.3%, 70.9%, and 63.5%, respectively. Generally, younger, female physicians were more likely to exhibit correct knowledge. Knowledge of weight-related guidelines was associated with assessment of body mass index (BMI) and use of BMI-for-age growth charts. Conclusion: Knowledge of energy balance guidelines among PCPs treating children is low, among PCPs treating adults it appeared high for overweight and obesity-related clinical guidelines and moderate for physical activity and diet, and was mostly unrelated to clinical practices among all PCPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Energy balance
  • Guidelines
  • Knowledge
  • Nutrition
  • Physical activity
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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