The cingulate gyri in 37 subjects with and without early dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) were studied by using MRI at 1.0 mm3 isotropic resolution. Groups were segregated into young controls (n = 10), age-matched normal controls (n = 10), very mild DAT (n = 8), and mild DAT (n = 9). By using automated Bayesian segmentation of the cortex and gray matter/white matter (GM/WM) isosurface generation, tissue compartments were labeled into gray, white, and cerebrospinal fluid as a function of distance from the GM/WM isosurface. Cortical mantle distance maps are generated profiling the GM volume and cortical mantle distribution as a function of distance from the cortical surface. Probabilistic tests based on generalizations of Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests were applied to quantify cortical mantle distribution changes with normal and abnormal aging. We find no significant change between young controls and healthy aging as measured by the GM volume and cortical mantle distribution as a function of distance in both anterior and posterior regions of the cingulate. Significant progression of GM loss is seen in the very mild DAT and mild DAT groups in all areas of the cingulate. Posterior regions show both GM volume loss as well as significant cortical mantle distribution decrease with the onset of mild DAT. The "shape of the cortical mantle" as measured by the cortical mantle distance profiles manifests a pronounced increase in variability with mild DAT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 9 2003|
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