Lack of Association of Pediatric Surgical Patient Outcomes With Increased Disposable Operating Room Supply Costs

Shannon N. Acker*, Connor Prendergast, Thomas H. Inge, Kaci Pickett-Nairne, Monica Perez-Jolles, Martin Blakely, Ankush Gosain, Pamela Peterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: There is wide variation in the cost of disposable operating room supplies between surgeons performing the same operation at the same institution. The general relationship between variation in disposable supply cost and patient outcomes is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between disposable supply cost and patient outcomes for sixteen common operations. Methods: Cost data were reviewed for the most common procedures performed by five surgical divisions at a single children's hospital over a six-month period in 2021. For procedure, the median disposable OR costs were calculated. Each operation performed was categorized as low cost (below the group median) or high cost (above the group median. We compared the rates of adverse events (clinic visit within 5 days, 30-day emergency department visit, unplanned reoperation, unplanned readmission, anesthesia complications, prolonged hospital length of stay, need for blood product transfusion, or death) between procedures with low and high disposable supply costs. Results: 1139 operations performed by 48 unique surgeons from five specialties were included; 596 (52%) were low-cost and 543 (48%) high-cost. The low and high-cost groups did not differ regarding most demographic characteristics. Overall, 21.9% of children suffered any adverse outcome; this rate did not differ between the low and high-cost groups when evaluated individually or in aggregate (20.5% vs 23.6%, p = 0.23). Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that across a wide range of pediatric surgical procedures, the cost of disposable operating room supplies was not associated with the risk of adverse outcomes. Level of Evidence: Level 3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Cost variation
  • Disposable OR supplies
  • Operating room supplies
  • Surgeon variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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