Many structurally unrelated nonmutagenic peroxisome proliferators induce altered areas, neoplastic nodules, and hepatocellular carcinomas in rats. Unlike the lesions induced by genotoxic hepatocarcinogens these lesions do not stain positively for the phenotypic markers 7-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and glutathione-S-transferase P (GST-P). To ascertain whether the absence of immunocytochemically detectable GST-P and GGT proteins in peroxisome proliferator-induced neoplastic lesions is due to the absence of specific mRNAs, we analyzed the total RNA isolated from hepatocellular carcinomas induced by three different peroxisome proliferators (ciprofibrate, Wy-14643, and BR-931) and the genotoxic carcinogens, 2-acetylaminofluorene and aflatoxin B1 (AFB), for the presence of GST-P, GGT, and α-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNAs. Northern and dot blot analysis of total RNA isolated from liver tumors induced by three different peroxisome proliferators revealed no detectable GST-P, GGT, and AFP mRNAs. GST-P mRNA was also not detected in a transplantable hepatocellular carcinoma established from a liver tumor induced by ciprofibrate. In contrast, GST-P mRNA levels were high in primary liver tumors induced by both 2-acetylaminofluorene and AFB and the two transplantable hepatocellular carcinomas established from such tumors. By immunoblot method, GST-P protein was found to be abundant in both primary and transplantable liver tumors induced by genotoxic carcinogens but not in those derived from peroxisome proliferator treatment. The GGT and AFP mRNAs were also not found in all 18 liver tumors induced by peroxisome proliferators that were analyzed and also in the ciprofibrate-derived transplantable liver tumor. The expression of GGT and AFP genes in liver tumors induced by 2-acetylaminofluorene and AFB was variable. These studies with peroxisome proliferators show that the GST-P and GGT gene derepression is not essential for the hepatocarcinogenesis or successful tumor transplantation. Further characterization of the molecular basis for the differential expression, particularly of the GST-P gene in liver tumors, may help identification of the critical event(s) in hepatocarcinogenesis by genotoxic carcinogens and nongenotoxic peroxisome proliferators.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research