Lactobacillus plantarum 299v supplementation improves vascular endothelial function and reduces inflammatory biomarkers in men with stable coronary artery disease

Mobin Malik, Tisha M. Suboc, Sudhi Tyagi, Nita Salzman, Jingli Wang, Rong Ying, Michael J. Tanner, Mamatha Kakarla, John E. Baker*, Michael E. Widlansky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations


Rationale: A strong association has emerged between the gut microbiome and atherosclerotic disease. Our recent data suggest Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (Lp299v) supplementation reduces infarct size in male rats. Limited human data are available on the impact of Lp299v on the vasculature. Objective: To determine whether oral Lp299v supplementation improves vascular endothelial function and reduces systemic in?ammation in humans with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and Results: Twenty men with stable CAD consumed a drink containing Lp299v (20 billion CFU) once daily for 6 weeks. After a 4-week washout, subjects were given an option of additionally participating in a 10-day study of oral liquid vancomycin (250 mg QID). Vascular endothelial function was measured by brachial artery?ow-mediated dilation. Before and after Lp299v, plasma short-chain fatty acids, trimethylamine oxide, and adipokine levels were measured. Additional plasma samples underwent unbiased metabolomic analyses using liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy. 16S rRNA sequencing was used to determine changes of the stool microbiome. Arterioles from patients with CAD were obtained, and endothelium-dependent vasodilation was measured by video microscopy after intraluminal incubation with plasma from Lp299v study subjects. Lp299v supplementation improved brachial?ow-mediated dilation (P=0.008) without signifcant changes in plasma cholesterol profles, fasting glucose, or body mass index. Vancomycin did not impact?ow-mediated dilation. Lp299v supplementation decreased circulating levels of IL (interleukin)-8 (P=0.01), IL-12 (P=0.02), and leptin (P=0.0007) but did not signifcantly change plasma trimethylamine oxide concentrations (P=0.27). Plasma propionate (P=0.004) increased, whereas acetate levels decreased (P=0.03). Post-Lp299v plasma improved endothelium-dependent vasodilation in resistance arteries from patients with CAD (P=0.02).16S rRNA analysis showed the Lactobacillus genus was enriched in postprobiotic stool samples without other changes. Conclusions: Lp299v improved vascular endothelial function and decreased systemic in?ammation in men with CAD, independent of changes in traditional risk factors and trimethylamine oxide. Circulating gut-derived metabolites likely account for these improvements and merit further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1102
Number of pages12
JournalCirculation research
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2018


  • Coronary artery disease
  • Endothelium
  • Gastrointestinal microbiome
  • Humans
  • Probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology


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