The expression patterns of basement membrane components and keratin intermediate filament proteins were studied in normal human bronchial epithelium and 56 lung carcinomas using monoclonal antibodies to laminin, type VII collagen and the individual keratins 14, 16, 17 and 18. In normal lung, laminin and type VII collagen were present between the epithelium and the lamina propria of bronchi and bronchioles. Keratin 14 was expressed in the basal cells, keratin 17 in the basal and some suprabasal cells and keratin 18 in the columnar cells of the bronchi and bronchioles. Keratin 16 was not present in normal bronchial epithelium. Laminin was found in all subtypes of lung carcinoma, but type VII collagen was present only in squamous cell carcinomas, where it showed a reduction in expression with decreasing differentiation. Type VII collagen was not identified in adenocarcinomas, small cell carcinomas or carcinoids. Antibodies to basal cell keratins 14 and 17 also displayed positivity only in squamous cell carcinomas, although no correlation with the degree of differentiation could be observed. Keratin 16 appeared to be a marker of the squamous phenotype, rather than of hyperproliferation. The keratin 18 marker for columnar epithelial cells showed a reaction pattern opposite to that of the basal cell keratins, being extensively present in adenocarcinomas, small cell carcinomas and carcinoids, with less expression in squamous cell carcinomas. This study shows a correlation between the presence of type VII collagen and the basal cell keratins 14 and 17, and a negative correlation between these components and keratin 18. These findings are likely to be useful in identifying lung cancer subtypes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
- laminin, type VII collagen, keratins, lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine