Laparoscopic resection of chronic sigmoid diverticulitis with fistula

Mohammad A. Abbass, Anna T. Tsay, Maher A. Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: A growing number of operations for sigmoid diverticulitis are being done laparoscopically. There is a paucity of data on the outcome of laparoscopy for sigmoid diverticulitis complicated by colonic fistula. The aim of this study was to compare the results of laparoscopic resection of sigmoid diverticulitis with and without colonic fistula. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of sigmoid diverticulitis complicated by fistula at a single tertiary care institution over a 7-year period. Comparison was made with a group of patients who underwent resection for diverticulitis without fistula during the same study period. Results: Forty-two patients were analyzed (group 1: diverticular fistula, group 2: no fistula). The median age was similar (49 vs. 50 years, P = .68). A chronic abscess was present in 24% of patients in group 1 and 10% in group 2 (P = .40). Fistula types were colovesical (71%), colovaginal (19%), and colocutaneous (10%). Operation types were sigmoidectomy (57% vs. 81%) and anterior resection (43% vs. 19%) in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = .18). Ureteral catheters were used more frequently in group 1 (67% vs. 33% [P = .06]). No difference was noted in operative time, blood loss,conversion rate, length of stay, overall complications, wound infection rate, readmission rate, reoperation rate, and mortality. All patients healed without fistula recurrence.Conclusions: Patients with sigmoid diverticulitis with fistula can be successfully treated with laparoscopic excision, with similar outcomes for patients without fistula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-640
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colonic fistula
  • Laparoscopic resection
  • Sigmoid diverticulitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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