Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm in adolescents

Mark L. Kovler*, Ross M. Beckman, Seth D. Goldstein, Dylan Stewart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is the most commonly encountered pancreatic tumor in adolescents. Owing to its malignant potential, the current recommendation for management is complete surgical resection; however, there is no broad consensus on the operation of choice to accomplish this. Herein, we describe three consecutive laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomies for SPN in adolescents. Materials and Methods: Our cohort included all patients <18 years of age treated at our institution from 2015 to 2018 who underwent surgical resection of an SPN. Results: Three patients (age 13-16) were identified. Two of the patients were male. All patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the main splenic artery and vein. No patients suffered from postoperative pancreatic fistula. Median length of stay was 5 days. Final histology revealed SPN in all 3 cases, with tumor size ranging from 2 to 10 cm in greatest dimension. All margins were negative for tumor. All 3 patients have been followed (mean: 6 months) with surveillance ultrasound demonstrating a normal remnant pancreas and normal splenic perfusion. Conclusions: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy is a safe and effective treatment for SPNs of the body and tail of the pancreas in adolescents. This approach achieves the margin negative resection that is appropriate for the disease without subjecting children to the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis or the need for antibiotic prophylaxis, and may be associated with a reduction in perioperative morbidity. Therefore, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation is our preferred operation in adolescents presenting with SPN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1372-1377
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Pancreatectomy
Spleen
Neoplasms
Pancreas
Splenic Vein
Pancreatic Fistula
Splenic Artery
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Length of Stay
Sepsis
Histology
Perfusion
Morbidity

Keywords

  • laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy
  • pediatric pancreas surgery
  • solid pseudopapillary neoplasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{b9ed0371fad14a82a0ed91a5b4e2fc7e,
title = "Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm in adolescents",
abstract = "Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is the most commonly encountered pancreatic tumor in adolescents. Owing to its malignant potential, the current recommendation for management is complete surgical resection; however, there is no broad consensus on the operation of choice to accomplish this. Herein, we describe three consecutive laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomies for SPN in adolescents. Materials and Methods: Our cohort included all patients <18 years of age treated at our institution from 2015 to 2018 who underwent surgical resection of an SPN. Results: Three patients (age 13-16) were identified. Two of the patients were male. All patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the main splenic artery and vein. No patients suffered from postoperative pancreatic fistula. Median length of stay was 5 days. Final histology revealed SPN in all 3 cases, with tumor size ranging from 2 to 10 cm in greatest dimension. All margins were negative for tumor. All 3 patients have been followed (mean: 6 months) with surveillance ultrasound demonstrating a normal remnant pancreas and normal splenic perfusion. Conclusions: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy is a safe and effective treatment for SPNs of the body and tail of the pancreas in adolescents. This approach achieves the margin negative resection that is appropriate for the disease without subjecting children to the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis or the need for antibiotic prophylaxis, and may be associated with a reduction in perioperative morbidity. Therefore, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation is our preferred operation in adolescents presenting with SPN.",
keywords = "laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy, pediatric pancreas surgery, solid pseudopapillary neoplasm",
author = "Kovler, {Mark L.} and Beckman, {Ross M.} and Goldstein, {Seth D.} and Dylan Stewart",
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Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm in adolescents. / Kovler, Mark L.; Beckman, Ross M.; Goldstein, Seth D.; Stewart, Dylan.

In: Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques, Vol. 29, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 1372-1377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm in adolescents

AU - Kovler, Mark L.

AU - Beckman, Ross M.

AU - Goldstein, Seth D.

AU - Stewart, Dylan

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is the most commonly encountered pancreatic tumor in adolescents. Owing to its malignant potential, the current recommendation for management is complete surgical resection; however, there is no broad consensus on the operation of choice to accomplish this. Herein, we describe three consecutive laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomies for SPN in adolescents. Materials and Methods: Our cohort included all patients <18 years of age treated at our institution from 2015 to 2018 who underwent surgical resection of an SPN. Results: Three patients (age 13-16) were identified. Two of the patients were male. All patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the main splenic artery and vein. No patients suffered from postoperative pancreatic fistula. Median length of stay was 5 days. Final histology revealed SPN in all 3 cases, with tumor size ranging from 2 to 10 cm in greatest dimension. All margins were negative for tumor. All 3 patients have been followed (mean: 6 months) with surveillance ultrasound demonstrating a normal remnant pancreas and normal splenic perfusion. Conclusions: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy is a safe and effective treatment for SPNs of the body and tail of the pancreas in adolescents. This approach achieves the margin negative resection that is appropriate for the disease without subjecting children to the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis or the need for antibiotic prophylaxis, and may be associated with a reduction in perioperative morbidity. Therefore, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation is our preferred operation in adolescents presenting with SPN.

AB - Introduction: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is the most commonly encountered pancreatic tumor in adolescents. Owing to its malignant potential, the current recommendation for management is complete surgical resection; however, there is no broad consensus on the operation of choice to accomplish this. Herein, we describe three consecutive laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomies for SPN in adolescents. Materials and Methods: Our cohort included all patients <18 years of age treated at our institution from 2015 to 2018 who underwent surgical resection of an SPN. Results: Three patients (age 13-16) were identified. Two of the patients were male. All patients underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the main splenic artery and vein. No patients suffered from postoperative pancreatic fistula. Median length of stay was 5 days. Final histology revealed SPN in all 3 cases, with tumor size ranging from 2 to 10 cm in greatest dimension. All margins were negative for tumor. All 3 patients have been followed (mean: 6 months) with surveillance ultrasound demonstrating a normal remnant pancreas and normal splenic perfusion. Conclusions: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy is a safe and effective treatment for SPNs of the body and tail of the pancreas in adolescents. This approach achieves the margin negative resection that is appropriate for the disease without subjecting children to the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis or the need for antibiotic prophylaxis, and may be associated with a reduction in perioperative morbidity. Therefore, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation is our preferred operation in adolescents presenting with SPN.

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