Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing

Debashis Chanda*, Kazuki Shigeta, Sidhartha Gupta, Tyler Cain, Andrew Carlson, Agustin Mihi, Alfred J. Baca, Gregory R. Bogart, Paul Braun, John A. Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

233 Scopus citations

Abstract

Negative-index metamaterials (NIMs) are engineered structures with optical properties that cannot be obtained in naturally occurring materials 1-3. Recent work has demonstrated that focused ion beam4 and layer-by-layer electron-beam lithography can be used to pattern the necessary nanoscale features over small areas (hundreds of μm2) for metamaterials with three-dimensional layouts and interesting characteristics, including negative-index behaviour in the optical regime. A key challenge is in the fabrication of such three-dimensional NIMs with sizes and at throughputs necessary for many realistic applications (including lenses, resonators and other photonic components 6-8). We report a simple printing approach capable of forming large-area, high-quality NIMs with three-dimensional, multilayer formats. Here, a silicon wafer with deep, nanoscale patterns of surface relief serves as a reusable stamp. Blanket deposition of alternating layers of silver and magnesium fluoride onto such a stamp represents a process for inking it with thick, multilayer assemblies. Transfer printing this ink material onto rigid or flexible substrates completes the fabrication in a high-throughput manner. Experimental measurements and simulation results show that macroscale, three-dimensional NIMs (>75 cm 2) nano-manufactured in this way exhibit a strong, negative index of refraction in the near-infrared spectral range, with excellent figures of merit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalNature nanotechnology
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Chanda, D., Shigeta, K., Gupta, S., Cain, T., Carlson, A., Mihi, A., Baca, A. J., Bogart, G. R., Braun, P., & Rogers, J. A. (2011). Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing. Nature nanotechnology, 6(7), 402-407. https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2011.82