A distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser and fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) are configured to demodulate the wavelength shifts of FBG dynamic strain sensors. The FBG sensors act as sensing units to detect the dynamic strain and the demodulators while the DFB fiber laser only acts as a narrow-linewidth light source. As the reflective spectrum of the FBG sensor changes due to dynamic strains, the output is subsequently converted into a corresponding intensity change and detected directly by a photodetector. The 0.2 nm linewidth FBG sensor can detect the impact signal with a frequency of up to 300 kHz with a maximum of 29.17 µε, which is comparable with the detecting result of the piezoelectric transducer sensor. Moreover, the directional response of the FBG sensor is maximized when the direction of acoustic wave propagation is parallel to the optical fiber. The relation between the sensitivity and the FBG spectrum linewidth is presented, and the detectable strain range versus different FBG linewidths is also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering