Laryngeal electromyographic responses to perturbations in voice pitch auditory feedback

Hanjun Liu, Roozbeh Behroozmand, Michel Bove, Charles R. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that intrinsic laryngeal muscles are involved in producing voice fundamental frequency (F 0) responses to perturbations in voice pitch auditory feedback. Electromyography (EMG) recordings of the cricothyroid and thyroarytenoid muscles were made with hooked-wire electrodes, while subjects sustained vowel phonations at three different voice F0 levels (conversational, high pitch in head register, and falsetto register) and received randomized pitch shifts (100 or 300 cents) in their voice auditory feedback. The median latencies from stimulus onset to the peak in the EMG and voice F0 responses were 167 and 224 ms, respectively. Among the three different F0 levels, the falsetto register produced compensatory EMG responses that occurred prior to vocal responses and increased along with rising voice F0 responses and decreased for falling F0 responses. For the conversational and high voice levels, the EMG response timing was more variable than in the falsetto voice, and changes in EMG activity with relevance to the vocal responses did not follow the consistent trend observed in the falsetto condition. The data from the falsetto condition suggest that both the cricothyroid and thyroarytenoid muscles are involved in generating the compensatory vocal responses to pitch-shifted voice feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3946-3954
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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