Late reoperations for Fontan patients: state of the art invited review

Constantine Mavroudis*, Carl Lewis Backer, Barbara J. Deal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Conversion of the atriopulmonary Fontan to a total cavopulmonary extracardiac connection with concomitant arrhythmia surgery and pacemaker placement is a safe and efficacious procedure for this patient population. From 1994 to 2007 a total of 118 patients have undergone this procedure with one (0.8%) early and nine (7.6%) late deaths. During the course of our experience with Fontan conversion our surgical strategy has evolved to include various ablative techniques to treat macro re-entrant atrial tachycardia, focal (automatic) atrial tachycardia, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, atrial tachycardia due to accessory connections, atrial fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia. The various mechanisms that we use to treat the underlying atrial arrhythmias are described in this review. We have also encountered patients with variations of the Fontan and other complex anatomic and pathophysiologic aberrations who were not amenable to standard takedown and ablative procedures. We describe those circumstances and the solutions we found to treat those patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1034-1040
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2008


  • Arrhythmia
  • Congenital heart surgery
  • Fontan
  • Single ventricle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Late reoperations for Fontan patients: state of the art invited review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this