Law-Gospel theologies of a state of exception

Amy Carr*, Christine Helmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We address contemporary concerns with fascism by critically assessing the classic law/gospel relation in Lutheran theology. Karl Holl, founder of the Luther Renaissance in the early twentieth century, develops Luther's experience of the self under the divine wrath in terms that have affinity to what Carl Schmitt calls the “state of exception.” We examine similar non-dialectical ways of relating law/gospel that nourish fascist tendencies on the right or left in North America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Karl Holl
  • Weimar
  • fascism
  • gospel
  • law
  • love
  • state of exception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies


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