Lead Halide Perovskites as Charge Generation Layers for Electron Mobility Measurement in Organic Semiconductors

John A. Love, Markus Feuerstein, Christian M. Wolff, Antonio Facchetti, Dieter Neher*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Hybrid lead halide perovskites are introduced as charge generation layers (CGLs) for the accurate determination of electron mobilities in thin organic semiconductors. Such hybrid perovskites have become a widely studied photovoltaic material in their own right, for their high efficiencies, ease of processing from solution, strong absorption, and efficient photogeneration of charge. Time-of-flight (ToF) measurements on bilayer samples consisting of the perovskite CGL and an organic semiconductor layer of different thickness are shown to be determined by the carrier motion through the organic material, consistent with the much higher charge carrier mobility in the perovskite. Together with the efficient photon-to-electron conversion in the perovskite, this high mobility imbalance enables electron-only mobility measurement on relatively thin application-relevant organic films, which would not be possible with traditional ToF measurements. This architecture enables electron-selective mobility measurements in single components as well as bulk-heterojunction films as demonstrated in the prototypical polymer/fullerene blends. To further demonstrate the potential of this approach, electron mobilities were measured as a function of electric field and temperature in an only 127 nm thick layer of a prototypical electron-transporting perylene diimide-based polymer, and found to be consistent with an exponential trap distribution of ca. 60 meV. Our study furthermore highlights the importance of high mobility charge transporting layers when designing perovskite solar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42011-42019
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 6 2017


  • bulk heterojunction
  • charge generation layers
  • lead halide perovskites
  • mobility
  • time of flight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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