Learning problems, delayed development, and puberty

Beverly A. Wright*, Steven G. Zecker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Language-based learning disorders such as dyslexia affect millions of people, but there is little agreement as to their cause. New evidence from behavioral measures of the ability to hear tones in the presence of background noise indicates that the brains of affected individuals develop more slowly than those of their unaffected counterparts. In addition, it seems that brain changes occurring at ≈10 years of age, presumably associated with puberty, may prematurely halt this slower-than-normal development when improvements would normally continue into adolescence. The combination of these ideas can account for a wide range of previous results, suggesting that delayed brain development, and its interaction with puberty, may be key factors contributing to learning problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9942-9946
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 29 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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