Left Ventricular Longitudinal Strain in Characterization and Outcome Assessment of Mixed Aortic Valve Disease Phenotypes

Yoshihito Saijo, Nicolas Isaza, Julijana Z. Conic, Milind Y. Desai, Douglas Johnston, Eric E. Roselli, Richard A. Grimm, Lars G. Svensson, Samir Kapadia, Nancy A. Obuchowski, Brian P. Griffin, Zoran B. Popović*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objectives: The aims of this study were to characterize the interplay between mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD) phenotypes (defined by concomitant severities of aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation) and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS), and to assess the prognostic utility of LV-GLS in MAVD. Background: Little is known about the way LV-GLS separates MAVD phenotypes and if it is associated with their outcomes. Methods: This observational cohort study evaluated 783 consecutive adult patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% and MAVD, which was defined as coexisting with at least moderate aortic stenosis and at least moderate aortic regurgitation. We measured the conventional echocardiographic variables and average LV-GLS from apical long, 2- and 4-chamber views. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Results: Mean age of patients was 69 ± 15 years, and 58% were male. Mean LV-GLS was –14.7 ± 2.9%. In total, 458 patients (59%) underwent aortic valve replacement at a median period of 50 days (25th to 75th percentile range: 6 to 560 days). During a median follow-up period of 5.6 years (25th to 75th percentile range: 1.8 to 9.4 years), 391 patients (50%) died. When stratified patients into tertiles according to LV-GLS values, patients with worse LV-GLS had worse outcomes (p < 0.001). LV-GLS was independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio: 1.09; 95% confidential intervals: 1.04 to 1.14; p < 0.001), with the relationship between LV-GLS and mortality being linear. Conclusions: LV-GLS is associated with all-cause mortality. LV-GLS may be useful for risk stratification in patients with MAVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1324-1334
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • global longitudinal strain
  • mixed aortic valve disease
  • prognostic value
  • speckle tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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