Legal Integration in the Andes: Law-Making by the Andean Tribunal of Justice

Karen J. Alter*, Laurence R. Helfer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ) is a copy of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), and the third most active international court. This paper reviews our findings based on an original coding of all ATJ preliminary rulings from 1984 to 2007, and over 40 interviews in the region. We then compare Andean and European jurisprudence in three key areas: whether the Tribunals treat the founding integration treaties as constitutions for their respective communities, whether the ATJ and ECJ have implied powers for community institutions that are not expressly enumerated in the founding treaties and how the Tribunals conceive of the relationship between community law and other international agreements that are binding on the Member States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-715
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Law Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Legal Integration in the Andes: Law-Making by the Andean Tribunal of Justice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this