Lesion mapping of social problem solving

Aron K. Barbey*, Roberto Colom, Erick J. Paul, Aileen Chau, Jeffrey Solomon, Jordan Henry Grafman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulating neuroscience evidence indicates that human intelligence is supported by a distributed network of frontal and parietal regions that enable complex, goal-directed behaviour. However, the contributions of this network to social aspects of intellectual function remain to be well characterized. Here, we report a human lesion study (n = 144) that investigates the neural bases of social problem solving (measured by the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory) and examine the degree to which individual differences in performance are predicted by a broad spectrum of psychological variables, including psychometric intelligence (measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale), emotional intelligence (measured by the Mayer, Salovey, Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test), and personality traits (measured by the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory). Scores for each variable were obtained, followed by voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that working memory, processing speed, and emotional intelligence predict individual differences in everyday problem solving. A targeted analysis of specific everyday problem solving domains (involving friends, home management, consumerism, work, information management, and family) revealed psychological variables that selectively contribute to each. Lesion mapping results indicated that social problem solving, psychometric intelligence, and emotional intelligence are supported by a shared network of frontal, temporal, and parietal regions, including white matter association tracts that bind these areas into a coordinated system. The results support an integrative framework for understanding social intelligence and make specific recommendations for the application of the Everyday Problem Solving Inventory to the study of social problem solving in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2823-2833
Number of pages11
JournalBrain
Volume137
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Social Problems
Emotional Intelligence
Intelligence
Parietal Lobe
Psychometrics
Individuality
Psychology
Equipment and Supplies
Personality Inventory
Information Management
Intelligence Tests
Temporal Lobe
Neurosciences
Short-Term Memory
Social Support
Personality
Regression Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • Latent variable modelling
  • Social intelligence
  • Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Barbey, A. K., Colom, R., Paul, E. J., Chau, A., Solomon, J., & Grafman, J. H. (2014). Lesion mapping of social problem solving. Brain, 137(10), 2823-2833. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awu207
Barbey, Aron K. ; Colom, Roberto ; Paul, Erick J. ; Chau, Aileen ; Solomon, Jeffrey ; Grafman, Jordan Henry. / Lesion mapping of social problem solving. In: Brain. 2014 ; Vol. 137, No. 10. pp. 2823-2833.
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Barbey, AK, Colom, R, Paul, EJ, Chau, A, Solomon, J & Grafman, JH 2014, 'Lesion mapping of social problem solving', Brain, vol. 137, no. 10, pp. 2823-2833. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awu207

Lesion mapping of social problem solving. / Barbey, Aron K.; Colom, Roberto; Paul, Erick J.; Chau, Aileen; Solomon, Jeffrey; Grafman, Jordan Henry.

In: Brain, Vol. 137, No. 10, 01.01.2014, p. 2823-2833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Barbey AK, Colom R, Paul EJ, Chau A, Solomon J, Grafman JH. Lesion mapping of social problem solving. Brain. 2014 Jan 1;137(10):2823-2833. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awu207