Lessons learned from Marcy bridge collapse

David J Corr, D. M. McCann, B. M. McDonald

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A pedestrian bridge near Marcy, New York collapsed during construction on October 12, 2002, injuring nine workers and killing one. The authors were retained to investigate the reasons for the bridge collapse, and whether the actions or omissions by the key players contributed. The pedestrian bridge was designed as a straight, single-span, composite box girder composed of a trapezoidal steel tub with stay-in-place forms and concrete deck. The collapse occurred while the concrete deck was being placed. Based on eyewitness accounts and the position and orientation of the debris, the mode of failure was consistent with lateral-torsional buckling of the entire girder cross-section. While conventional engineering training would preclude lateral torsional buckling of a beam bent about its weak axis as a potential failure mode, computer simulations using nonlinear analysis and eigenvalue buckling analysis confirm eyewitness accounts, that is, a point of bifurcation is reached during concrete placement on the torsionally flexible steel tub girder. Since this failure, which was slightly predated by a very similar failure in Sweden, the State of New York and AASHTO have appended bridge design specifications to explicitly require diagonal bracing between the top flanges in order to suppress this buckling mode. A discussion of the collapse and the failure mode follow, highlighting the lessons that the engineering community has learned from the collapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationForensic Engineering 2009
Subtitle of host publicationPathology of the Built Environment - Proceedings of the 5th Congress on Forensic Engineering
Pages395-403
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Apr 26 2010
Event5th Congress on Forensic Engineering - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2009Nov 14 2009

Publication series

NameForensic Engineering, Proceedings of the Congress

Other

Other5th Congress on Forensic Engineering
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period11/11/0911/14/09

Keywords

  • AASHTO
  • Composite bridge
  • Lateral-torsional buckling
  • Marcy bridge
  • Tub girder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Engineering(all)

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