Level dependence of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions measured at high frequencies in humans

Laura E. Dreisbach*, Jonathan H. Siegel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Given that high-frequency hearing is most vulnerable to cochlear pathology, it is important to characterize distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) measured with higher-frequency stimuli in order to utilize these measures in clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to explore the dependence of DPOAE amplitude on the levels of the evoking stimuli at frequencies greater than 8 kHz, and make comparisons with those data that have been extensively measured with lower-frequency stimuli. To accomplish this, DPOAE amplitudes were measured at six different f2 frequencies (2, 5, 10, 12, 14, and 16 kHz), with a frequency ratio (f2/f1) of 1.2, at five fixed levels (30 to 70 dB SPL) of one primary (either f 1 or f2), while the other primary was varied in level (30 to 70 dB SPL). Generally, the level separation between the two primary tones (L1 > L2) generating the largest DPOAE amplitude (referred to as the >optimal level separation>) decreased as the level of the fixed primary increased. Additionally, the optimal level separation was frequency dependent, especially at the lower fixed primary tone levels (≤ 50 dB SPL). In agreement with previous studies, the DPOAE level exhibited greater dependence on L1 than on L2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2980-2988
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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