Level-set simulation of anisotropic phase transformations via faceted growth

M. M. Moghadam*, Peter W Voorhees

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Level-set method is used to simulate phase transformations with anisotropic kinetics where the transforming interface is faceted. The method overcomes previous limitation of this simulation methodology in tracking dynamic evolution of a large number of growing grains. The method is then used to simulate multi-grain phase transformations where the facets are three low-index ([1 0 0], [1 1 1], [1 1 0]) planes that yield morphologies including cube, octahedron and rhombic dodecahedron. The microstructure evolves under site-saturated nucleation and constant nucleation rate. The cube morphology undergoes fastest transformation followed by octahedron, rhombic dodecahedron and sphere. It is also shown that the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmorgorov theory can be used to describe the kinetics of the faceted phase transformation. The resulting microstructure shows non-convex grain shapes with highly corrugated surfaces. The structures are also characterized using the average grain length along certain low index crystallographic directions, the coherent length. This measurement shows that for a cubic morphology, there is a significant difference in the coherent length for low index directions, while there is no meaningful difference in the coherent length for kinetic Wulff shapes of other anisotropies examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-461
Number of pages8
JournalComputational Materials Science
StatePublished - Feb 15 2018


  • Anisotropic
  • Faceted growth
  • JMAK
  • Kinetics
  • Level-set method
  • Microstructure evolution
  • Phase transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics


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